What is Building Biology?
Building biology is a science that focuses on creating buildings that support optimum human health. It is recognised that within a building is an environment made up of the structure itself, the contents, the air, water and electromagnetic fields. The unique environment within each and every building can and does impact on the humans that live and work in it, sometimes negatively and this is what building biology aims to address.
Building biology originated in Germany in the 1960’s. At that time, many people began to fall ill in Germany and this was linked back to living and working in many of the newly and cheaply constructed post-WWII buildings. It was soon discovered that certain construction methods or materials used could cause health problems.
The Happy Habitat follows building biology principles.
The 25 Principles of "Baubiologie" Building Biology
- Building site without natural and human-made disturbances
- Residential homes away from sources of emissions and noise
- Low-density housing with sufficient green space
- Personalised, natural, human- and family-oriented housing and settlements
- Building without causing social burdens
- Natural and unadulterated building materials
- Natural regulation of indoor air humidity through humidity-buffering materials
- Low total moisture content of a new building that dries out quickly
- Well-balanced ratio between thermal insulation and heat retention
- Optimal air and surface temperatures
- Good indoor air quality through natural ventilation
- Heating system based on radiant heat
- Natural conditions of light, lighting and color
- Changing the natural balance of background radiation as little as possible
- Without human-made electromagnetic and radiofrequency radiation exposure
- Building materials with low radioactivity levels
- Human-oriented noise and vibration protection
- With a pleasant or neutral smell and without outgassing toxins
- Reduction of fungi, bacteria, dust and allergens as low as possible
- Best possible drinking water quality
- Causing no environmental problems
- Minimising energy consumption and utilising as much renewable energy as possible
- Building materials preferably from the local region without promoting exploitation of scarce and hazardous resources
- Application of physiological and ergonomic findings to interior and furniture design
- Consideration of harmonic measures, proportions and shapes